In the lead up to last Christmas in 2018, 2019, and this year, blistering heatwaves swept across the country. Spring 2020 was the hottest on record, and though the summer of 2020/21 occurs during a La Niña event, it still pays to be prepared for extreme hot weather events, such as further heatwaves.
Preliminary results suggest that the 17th December 2019 was Australia’s hottest day on record at 40.9 ºC, with the average maximum across the country as a whole, exceeding the previous record of 40.3 ºC on the 7th January 2013.
Over the past 100 years, heatwaves have killed more Australians than any other natural hazard. Scientists predict that heatwaves are only going to get hotter, longer and more frequent.
While we can escape to the air conditioner or strip off to cool down, we need to consider our furry friends in the extreme heat, both domestic pets and surrounding wildlife.
Just like us, many animals can be affected by heat stress or heat stroke. Similar to humans, the old and the young are often the most vulnerable. However, while we can sweat it out, dogs and cats can only release heat through areas not covered by fur, mostly their paws.
HOW DO YOU TAKE CARE OF YOUR PETS DURING A HEATWAVE?
Cats are normally pretty self sufficient and stay cool by seeking shade and limiting physical activity. They will normally find a nice cool place to sleep it off so just make sure they have water and shade and some wet towels if they want them.
However, dogs need a little more TLC when it gets hot. The small surface area of their paws are not a very effective means of getting rid of excess heat from their bodies. Dogs use the evaporation of moisture from their tongues, nasal passages and lungs to cool down by panting.
Make sure if you are heading to work your best friend has plenty of water and shade in a well-ventilated area. If you want to get creative with ways to cool your pal down you could whip up some refrigerated snacks, top their bowls up with cold water from the fridge or simply dampen their bed. Got a garden? Perhaps invest in a small paddling pool or turn the sprinklers or hose on so they can get a bit of a shower.
If your dog is riding with you never leave them locked in the car! It takes under 10 minutes for a car to reach lethal temperatures even when parked in shaded areas, with the windows open.
Although they are eager to get out and burn off some energy, reconsider going for midday walks as the hot pavement can burn their feet (if it’s uncomfortable for you to walk barefoot then it will be for them too!) Top tip: head out for a stroll early in the morning or just before bed and stick to grassy areas. Ultimately if you are melting and want to be in front of the fan or air conditioner, then they probably do too!
HOW DO I KNOW IF MY PET IS AFFECTED BY HEAT?
Key signs you should look for are changes in behaviour, disinterest in food and water, isolating themselves and heavy panting. If your pet is lethargic, relentlessly panting, drooling, vomiting or collapsing get them to a vet ASAP. Check out the RSPCA for more information.
HOW DO YOU HELP WILDLIFE DURING A HEATWAVE?
And while you are out and about, think of our native wildlife too: the same rules apply – water, shade and rest. If you live in a rural area put some water out in shady areas for any native wildlife that may be nearby.
Try to avoid disturbing our native wildlife more than you have to. Everyone is feeling hot and bothered, so the last thing you’d want to do is stress them out and use up any more of their already low energy stocks.
However, rescue babies if they are particularly vulnerable and reach out to a local wildlife helpline:
NSW: WIRES 1300 094 737
VIC: Wildlife Victoria (03) 8400 7300
QLD: RSPCA QLD 1300 ANIMAL
SA: Fauna Rescue of SA inc 08 8289 0896
WA: Wildcare WA (08) 9474 9055.
NT: Wildcare NT 08 8996 121.
TAS: Bonorong Wildlife Hospital and Rescue 0447 264 625
ACT: ACT Wildlife 0432 300 033
For more information on heatwaves and the impact on wildlife see our “Heatwaves: Hotter, Longer, More Often” report.